In Phase Five a, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know ai as in rain, but now they will be introduced to ay as in day and a-e as in make.
In Phase Five b, alternative pronunciations for graphemes will also be introduced, e.g. ea in tea, head and break.
In Phase Five c, their word and spelling knowledge will be worked on extensively. This is where we begin to look more at spelling patterns and rules.